The U.S.-Mexico Climate Change Working Group—sponsored by the Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD (USMEX); the Sustainable Development Goals Initiative of the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM); The Brookings Institution; and the Institute of the Americas (IOA)—proposes to assist the U.S. and Mexico in developing a coordinated climate action program. The goal is to help both countries advance their climate mitigation and adaptation agendas, including Paris Agreement commitments.
We assembled a team of climate change and energy experts from both countries to develop an agenda for U.S.-Mexico discussions on climate change. We covered the following topics, chosen because they each provide opportunities for significant impact and fruitful cooperation:
- Reduction of short-lived climate pollutants, particularly methane
- Energy efficiency
- Adaptation to climate change
- International climate finance
- Renewable energy
Now, by means of this report, we present our recommendations on how the U.S. and Mexico, working together, could identify realistic, practical action items for each of the five identified topics with the ultimate objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing adaptation and resilience to climate change.
As an initial step, these recommendations could serve as a basis for prompt discussions between the U.S. and Mexico on: (1) the 2022 updates to their respective Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to strengthen 2030 emission targets, and (2) the annual high-level ministerial roundtables on pre-2030 climate ambition to begin in November 2022 at COP27/CMA4 in Egypt, all as contemplated by the Glasgow Climate Pact.